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The youngest premature baby was able to leave the Fulda clinic well
Premature Frieda is a sensation in the medical community. The little girl had seen the light of day in November 2010 after only 21 weeks of pregnancy, now Frieda could be discharged from the Fulda Clinic in good health.
Experts classed Frieda as a sensation because such an early birth is extremely unusual or unique. Egbert Herting, chairman of the Society for Neonatology and Pediatric Intensive Care Medicine in Lübeck, emphasized to the news agency "dpa" that the process was "extraordinary" since a child at 21 weeks of pregnancy "was at the limit of viability."
Premature birth after only 21 weeks of pregnancy Although premature births occur before the 30th week of pregnancy in Germany, experts like Egbert Herting rate little Frieda as a sensation. The premature baby, already born in the 21st week of pregnancy, was able to leave the Fulda Children's Clinic on Wednesday. Frieda was not the smallest premature baby that was ever born and survived, since with a birth weight of 460 grams she was significantly heavier than known cases in which the premature baby weighed only 280 grams. But with a birth after the 21st week of pregnancy, Frieda is one of the earliest births in the world recorded in the medical literature.
Across Germany, premature births have increased significantly throughout Germany in the past few decades, although the chances of survival for premature babies have also increased significantly due to the improved medical standards. For infants and parents, premature birth is nevertheless a considerable stress test, because the early life in premature babies is always characterized by intensive, inpatient medical care. The health status of the little ones can often be stabilized and they develop better than expected. However, various studies have shown that premature birth can sometimes have significant adverse effects on children's personal development.
Possible health impairments in premature babies The European Foundation for Newborns named attention disorders, chronic respiratory diseases, developmental delays and motor disorders as possible late effects of premature birth. In addition, American studies indicate that children with a birth weight of less than 1,000 grams are more likely to develop asthma later in life (21 percent versus nine percent in the control group), motor disorders (47 percent versus ten percent), and impairments in the intelligence ratio (IQ below 85 : 38 percent versus 15 percent) suffer. All comparable studies come to the conclusion that infants grow best in the womb for as long as possible because the best conditions for development exist there. However, premature babies often develop better than expected in the incubator after the first few weeks, as evidenced by the case of little Frieda, who now weighs 3.5 kilos. According to the experts, around every fourteenth birth in Germany takes place before the 37th week of pregnancy (time limit for premature births). (fp)
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Image: N.Schmitz / pixelio.de